I am looking for new students, both graduate and undergraduate, to join my research group. Below are the main current research areas the group engages in.

For more information or to discuss other potential projects, contact me at: cristi@illinois.edu


Coupled Climate Dynamics

Tropical Pacific
Conceptual representation of coupled atmospere-ocean procesess in the tropical Pacific (Collins 2010)

Questions: How do atmospheric processes  interact with ocean processes to set the pattern of tropical warming on different time scales? How does this pattern feed back onto atmospheric clouds and circulation?
Theory: Atmospheric dynamics, cloud physics, physical oceanography; dynamical systems & control theory; stochastic models
Modeling: Global Climate Model simulations with idealized configurations and idealized forcing.
Observations: Satellite data and reanalysis.
Funding: NASA, NSF


Improved forecasts of future climate change

2 layer model
Probabilistic predictions of future warming from a model constrained to observations using a Bayesian approach

Questions: What recent observations best constrain future warming? What does a climate model’s skill in reproducing past changes tell us about its skill in forecasting future changes?
Machine Learning: developing and evaluating prediction schemes for optimal out-of-sample forecasts (e.g. cross-validating, hyper-parameter tuning); Neural-net emulators.
Methods: Theoretical models; analyzing output from Global Climate Models; perturbed physics ensembles; model-data fusion.
Funding: NOAA


Palaeoclimate

Laurentide
Ice Sheets over North America during the Last Glacial Maximum, some 21,000 years ago.

Questions: How were major climate processes such as radiative feedbacks & forcing different during past climate change events (e.g. Ice Ages). How can these processes be constrained from proxy information and how can they inform on future warming?
Theory & Modeling: Theoretical and numerical models for how climate responds to forcing across different temporal and spatial scales. General Circulation Models with idealized configurations.
Statistics & Data Science: Forward (stochastic) and inverse (bayesian) models linking physical process to measurable quantities (proxy records).
Funding: NSF


Climate Risk

Working Group I: The Scientific Basis Get Javascript Other reports in this collection 2.7 Has Climate Variability, or have Climate Extremes, Changed? 2.7.1 Background Figure 2.32: Schematic showing the effect on extreme temperatures when (a) the mean ...
Examples of how temperature distributions may shift with climate change. (IPCC Assessment Report 4)

Questions: What determines the frequency of occurrence of regional temperature extremes heat waves?  What is the probability of extreme global climate change? What is the role of the tails of climate change distributions in setting the social cost of carbon?

Methods: Stochastic models of atmosphere-land coupling; Probabilistic forecast models of climate change; Integrated Assessment Models (Climate-Economics models).
Funding: University of Illinois Giess College of Business and School of Earth Society and Environment (SESE).